Praxis Ygeia Heatwave

Tips for Protection from Heat Stroke by the Physician, Pathologist, Dr. Savvas Dellaportas, Head of Pathology Department of the Medical, Diagnostic Center


MD Savvas DellaportasHigh temperatures during the summer months may pose a risk especially for the elderly.

Particularly vulnerable groups are also infants, sufferers of chronic diseases (respiratory, cardiological, psychiatric, diabetes, obesity) and anyone who is working or exercising outdoors.
Signs of illness due to high temperature include muscle cramps due to decreased salt in the body, weakness, nausea, dizziness, tachycardia and cool - wet skin.
These are the symptoms of thermal exhaustion, which, if not treated early, can lead to heat stroke, high body temperature, lack of sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, diplopic, confusion and coma.
Elderly people are the most vulnerable group when the temperature rises to dangerous levels. Poor blood circulation and drug use, such as diuretics that cause fluid loss and reduced perception of overheating, make many elderly more sensitive. Moreover, many of them do not leave their homes to resort to a cooler environment either because they are unable to move or for safety reasons.
If there is no air conditioner or power supply is interrupted, we recommend moving to air-conditioned areas that the State is offering or to a shop or mall, or in a neighboring home with air conditioning.

Additional precautions for avoiding heat-related diseases:

    Stay in the coolest place as much as possible and avoid excessive activity.
    Limit your movements
    Dress up with light clothing and wear a hat and sunglasses if you need to run outdoors.
    Use the air conditioner or try to spend at least a few hours in an air-conditioned room.
    Drink plenty of liquids and fruit juices. If your doctor has recommended fluid restriction, contact him / her.
    Avoid spirits and coffee.
    Eat small and light meals with a taste of vegetables and fruits
    Make lots of showers during the day
    Use fans (the smallest also work with battery), place wet towels on the face. You can take advantage of the packages of
    frozen foods or ice cubes by applying them to your wrists, face and neck.

    Dress the infants in light clothing and contact the pediatrician.
    Ask for medical help in case the above does not work and you feel discomfort or irritation.

Recommendation for younger people: Physical activity and exercise are important to keep healthy, but it takes a lot of attention when done outdoors during very hot days. Even professional athletes should have regular breaks of at least 10 minutes for each hour of physical exercise, with several isotonic fluids consumed.